Generator Tolling Agreement: A Comprehensive Guide

A generator tolling agreement (GTA) is a contract between a power generator and a tolling firm. The agreement binds the generator to supply electricity from a specific power plant to the tolling firm, which will, in turn, be responsible for its sale to the end consumer.

In this article, we`ll discuss everything you need to know about generator tolling agreements, including their benefits, drawbacks, and key considerations.

Why use a Generator Tolling Agreement?

A generator tolling agreement is a popular way for power generators to monetize their assets. Under the agreement, the generator can earn a steady revenue stream by selling its electricity to the tolling firm. Additionally, the generator is not responsible for the sale of the power and does not have to bear any of the associated risks, such as fluctuations in electricity prices or demand.

On the other hand, tolling firms benefit from GTAs because they can purchase electricity at a fixed cost, allowing them to set a predictable retail price for the end consumer. This, in turn, makes it easier for them to secure financing and plan for future growth.

Key Considerations for a Generator Tolling Agreement

When negotiating a generator tolling agreement, there are several key considerations that should be taken into account. These include the following:

1. Contract Length: The length of the agreement is an essential consideration. A longer contract may provide more stable revenue for the generator, but it also carries a higher risk of market changes that could negatively impact the agreement`s profitability.

2. Pricing and Payment Terms: The contract should clearly outline the pricing structure and payment terms. This includes the price per kilowatt-hour (kWh), the frequency of payments, and any penalties for failure to meet contractual obligations.

3. Dispatch Rights: Dispatch rights refer to the tolling firm`s ability to decide how much electricity the generator will produce and when. These rights can significantly impact the generator`s profitability, so it`s essential to clarify them upfront.

4. Force Majeure: Force majeure events are unforeseeable circumstances that can hinder the ability to fulfill contractual obligations. Agreements should include provisions that outline how force majeure events will be handled.

5. Termination Clause: Finally, it`s essential to have a termination clause that outlines the circumstances under which the agreement may be terminated. This includes events such as breach of contract, bankruptcy, or failure to deliver the required amount of electricity.


A generator tolling agreement can be a useful tool for power generators looking to monetize their assets. It provides a predictable revenue stream while allowing the generator to avoid the risks associated with power sales. However, before entering into a generator tolling agreement, it`s essential to consider the key factors outlined above to ensure a successful partnership. By doing so, both parties can benefit from a profitable and mutually beneficial relationship.